One good way to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is by making use of signposts.

Take a good look at this short video to learn more about personal pronouns and active and voice that is passive.

Academic writing is explicit in lot of ways. Most importantly, it means that there’s a clear presentation of ideas within the paper. The text needs to have a well-organized structure and be easy for your reader to follow. One method to accomplish clarity and structure in your text is by the usage signposts. Signposts are phrases and words that can be used in your text so that you can guide your reader along. Signposting could be divided into two different categories: major signposting and linking phrases and words.

More about explicit language Show more/less

Major signposting is used to signal key aspects of the work, for instance the function of an academic paper and its structure. Some examples of major signposting:

The aim of this scholarly study is to …
This chapter reviews/deals with …
in summary …

Linking words and phrases create coherence and give your reader directions by marking transitions between sentences and paragraphs. A few examples of linking phrases and words:

Being explicit in your writing also means that you will be not vague but instead very specific in the presentation of ideas, numbers and years. Being specific helps add precision to your writing.

Common pitfalls for non-native writers – and just how in order to avoid them

If English is certainly not your language that is first you encounter certain difficulties when writing academically. This section relates to some of the most pitfalls that are common. In the event that you learn exacltly what the problems are it becomes much easier to avoid them and thereby become a better writer.

Words which are easily confused Show more/less

Some words may look quite similar but have very meanings that are different. For example you might write “manger” instead of “manager”. Keep in mind that this kind of mistake is not discovered because of the spellchecking function of your word processor. To prevent these kinds of mistakes it is suggested that you consult a dictionary.

Punctuation Show more/less

It’s important to be aware that writing correct English just isn’t just about utilising the right words but additionally includes sentence structure and punctuation. The utilization of punctuation differs between languages; an example may be the question that is upside-down at the beginning of interrogative sentences in Spanish. But there are additionally smaller differences such as the use of commas plus the real way quotation marks look.

Take a look at this short video for further information about punctuation:

You might use punctuation and with that, sentence length, to create variation in your writing. If all your valuable sentences are very short or very long the reading becomes somewhat tedious.

The research has led to results that are many. One outcome is described here.

Both of these sentences that are short be combined into:

The research has led to results that are many one of that will be described here.

However, be careful so that you do not create run-on sentences. These occur when two independent clauses are joined without proper punctuation or word that is connecting.

The investigation has led to many results one result is described here.

Sentence fragments Show more/less

A sentence fragment is an sentence that is incomplete in order that it cannot stand on its very own. A complete sentence has a subject and a verb and is made of one thought.

They are types of sentence fragments:

So he went along to look at doctor. (Why did he head to see the doctor?)

Such as for instance fruit and veggies. (exactly what are vegetables and fruits examples of?)

In 1918. (What happened in 1918?)

Shattered glass all over the floor. (it is a fragment while there is no main verb)

Sentence fragments may be fixed by incorporating them in to the sentence that holds the main clause, changing the punctuation or by extending the fragment into a sentence that is full.

Peter had a sore throat so he decided to go to see the doctor.

Children should eat healthy food choices, such as vegetables and fruits.

World War I ended in 1918.

Glass was shattered throughout the floor.

Dangling modifiers Show more/less

A dangling modifier is a word or phrase that doesn’t connect properly to your main sentence.

Having finished the experiments, the total results were analyzed.

In this sentence, it is unclear what the modifier “having finished the experiments” describes. Who has finished the experiments? The way in which the sentence is constructed, the modifier connects to“the total results”, but clearly “the results” have not finished the experiments. This sentence should be rephrased. One of the ways of doing this really is to state that is clearly conducted the experiments and analyzed the outcomes:

Having finished the experiments, we analyzed the results.

Or, if you do not would you like to through the personal pronoun “we”:

Once the experiments were finished, the total results were analyzed.